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Woodrow Wilson Bridge

Broward County, Florida

Project Sponsors

Florida Department of Transportation


Highway / Managed Lanes


The I-595 corridor was opened to traffic in 1989, coordinating the movement of high traffic volumes between the developable areas in the western parts of the Southeast Florida region with the established north-south freeway and principal roadways to the east, including I-75, Florida's Turnpike, SR 7, I-95 and US 1. However, travel demand within the corridor has increased at a pace where the long-range traffic forecasts for the current highway would be reached in the short-term.

The I-595 Corridor Roadway Improvements project consists of the reconstruction and widening of the I-595 mainline and all associated improvements to frontage roads and ramps from the I-75/Sawgrass Expressway interchange to the I-595/I-95 interchange, for a total project length of approximately 10.5 miles. The project passes through or lies immediately adjacent to six jurisdictions: City of Sunrise; Town of Davie; City of Plantation; City of Fort Lauderdale; Town of Dania; and unincorporated areas of Broward County.

A major component of the project is the construction of three at grade reversible express toll lanes to be known as 595Express, serving express traffic to/from the I-75/Sawgrass Expressway from/to east of SR 7, with a direct connection to the median of Florida's Turnpike. These lanes will be operated as managed lanes with variable tolls to optimize traffic flow, and will reverse directions in peak travel times (eastbound in the AM /westbound in the PM).

The project is being implemented as a public-private partnership between FDOT and a private concessionaire to design, build, finance, operate, and maintain the roadway for a 35-year agreement term. FDOT will provide management oversight of the contract; will install, test, operate and maintain all tolling equipment for the express lanes; and will set the toll rates and retain the toll revenue.


$1.8 billion (present value in 2009 dollars, given a 5% discount rate) -  total final acceptance and availability payments over the 35-year contract to design, build, finance, operate and maintain the roadway

Funding Sources

State and federal resources

  • Support FDOT's final acceptance payments ($686 million YOE) and availability payments ($65.9 million annual Maximum Availability Payment [MAP] in 2009 dollars) made to concessionaire (Federal aid receipts, state motor fuel tax receipts, toll receipts)

Concessionaire's financing sources:

  • Senior bank debt: $781 million (backed by final acceptance/availability payments)
  • TIFIA loan: $603 million + capitalized interest during construction (backed by final acceptance/availability payments)
  • Equity: $208 million
Project Delivery/
Contract Method

DBFOM (Design, build, finance, operate, and maintain)

Private Partner

I-595 Express, LLC (ACS Infrastructure Development) as Concessionaire

  • Dragados USA Inc. - Design-build contractor
  • AECOM Technical Services, Inc. - Lead engineering firm
  • HNTB Corp.- Construction engineering and inspection
  • Roy Jorgensen Associates, Inc. - Operations & Maintenance
Project Advisors/

To Sponsor:

  • Dewey & LeBoeuf LLP - legal
  • Macquarie Capital (USA) Inc. - financial
  • Scott Wilson, Plc. - technical

To Lender:

  • Simpson Thacher & Bartlett LLP - legal

To Authority:

  • Nossaman LLP - legal
  • Jeffrey A. Parker & Associates, Inc. - financial
  • Reynolds, Smith and Hills, Inc. - technical
  • The Corradino Group - construction oversight


  • Hawkins Delafield & Wood LLP - legal
  • Taylor-DeJongh - financial

12-bank club (senior bank debt)

Duration / Status Construction began June 2009; expected completion spring 2014.
Financial Status

TIFIA loan agreement executed March 2, 2009
Financial close reached on March 3, 2009


First U.S. application of availability payments to a transportation project.

  • I-595 Express, LLC will receive no compensation from FDOT until the facility is fully operational. Upon FDOT's final acceptance of the project construction, I-595 Express, LLC will be eligible to receive a series of annual lump sum final acceptance payments, including potential incentive bonuses for completing a series of interim milestones (related to major construction activities) within established contractual deadlines.
  • Performance-based availability payments will be made monthly during the operating period of the project. A maximum availability payment of $65.9 million (in 2009 dollars) begins in 2014 and escalates annually. If quality and performance requirements stipulated in the contract as well as availability of the roadways to traffic are not met, then the availability payments will be subject to downward adjustment in accordance with the contract.
Related Links / Articles

FDOT Project Website
Value for Money Analysis
FHWA Project Profile
Simpson Thacher Project Summary


Joe Borello
I-595 Project Manager
Florida Department of Transportation
Tel: (954) 845-9553